Other research

Research Name

MORALITY OF SCHOLARS


Research Description

We analyze the subjective publication pressure among scholars and the relation between publication pressure and ethical misconduct in research. We already published one paper (Paruzel-Czachura, Baran, & Spendel, 2020):

The paper reports two studies exploring the relationship between scholars’ self-reported publication pressure and their self-reported scientific misconduct in research. In Study 1 the participants (N = 423) were scholars representing various disciplines from one big university in Poland. In Study 2 the participants (N = 31) were exclusively members of the management, such as dean, director, etc. from the same university. In Study 1 the most common reported form of scientific misconduct was honorary authorship. The majority of researchers (71%) reported that they had not violated ethical standards in the past; 3% admitted to scientific misconduct; 51% reported being were aware of colleagues’ scientific misconduct. A small positive correlation between perceived publication pressure and intention to engage in scientific misconduct in the future was found. In Study 2 more than half of the management (52%) reported being aware of researchers’ dishonest practices, the most frequent one of these being honorary authorship. As many as 71% of the participants report observing publication pressure in their subordinates. The primary conclusions are: (1) most scholars are convinced of their morality and predict that they will behave morally in the future; (2) scientific misconduct, particularly minor offenses such as honorary authorship, is frequently observed both by researchers (particularly in their colleagues) and by their managers; (3) researchers experiencing publication pressure report a willingness to engage in scientific misconduct in the future.

Publication: Mariola Paruzel-Czachura, Lidia Baran, Zbigniew Spendel (2020).

Research point

The project aims to examine the relationship between scholars’ self-reported publication pressure and their self-reported ethical misconduct in research.

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Projekt finansowany przez Narodowe Centrum Nauki, konkurs Miniatura 1, numer: 2017/01/X/HS6/01332.

Project financed by National Science Center, Poland, Miniatura 1, number: 2017/01/X/HS6/01332.

Narodowe Centrum Nauki